1st Battalion 22nd Infantry
Battles and History
The Battalion organization has
always existed in the US Army, though its size and role has
differed over time.
The term Infantry "Battalion" has evolved to mean an organization comprised of 3 or 4 Companies of Infantry
and additional supporting units, and is directly subordinate to Regimental Command.
Under the Reorganization
Objective Army Divisions (ROAD) plan of 1962-1964 the Army
discontinued the use of
Regimental Command as the basic command structure within Brigades and instituted Battalion Command as the
basic command structure. This allowed each Battalion to be an independent entity, which in turn allowed each Battalion
to be assigned to a different Division if the Army deemed it necessary.
From around the beginning of the
twentieth century to 1963 the 1st Battalion 22nd Infantry
of Companies A, B, C and D of the 22nd Infantry Regiment. During that time the structure of Battalions within the Regiment
was formally adhered to; however, before that time, Battalions were formed as needed, without regard to any formal structure.
For historical purposes,
therefore, in order to present the history of 1st Battalion,
it is necessary to present the history of the Regiment
before the time when Battalion organization was rigidly defined.
A great deal of the early
history of other Battalions of the Regiment is therefore
presented on this website.
Beginning with the year (circa) 1966 only the history of 1st Battalion is presented.
The 22nd Infantry advances under fire, Battle of Chippewa, July 5, 1814.
Regulars, By God ! -----------------Deeds Not Words
The 22nd Infantry Regiment was
part of General Winfield Scott's Brigade in 1814. Because of a
shortage of blue cloth, the Brigade went into battle
against the British at Chippewa, wearing jackets made of the only cloth available, in a "buff" or gray color. Because of their gray jackets,
the British commander, Major General Phineas Riall, mistakenly supposed them to be local militia.
However, as the 22nd and other units of the Brigade advanced through artillery and musket fire with unwavering military precision,
General Riall corrected his mistake with the cry "Those are regulars, by God".
The Regiment embraced the enemy General's description, and "Regulars, by God" became the 22nd's unofficial motto.
The official motto of the
Regiment is "Deeds Not Words", and was
approved in 1923, along with the Regiment's Distinctive Unit
An early use of "Deeds Not Words" can be found in General Orders No. 64 of the 22nd Infantry Regiment, dated December 10, 1894.
This order was actually the formal farewell letter to the Regiment, by the outgoing Regimental Commander, COL Peter T. Swaine.
See Insignia & Memorabilia on this website, for photos of a letter written by an
officer of the Regiment, dated 1903,
using a stationery heading with the motto "Deeds Not Words".
A theory of the origin of this motto comes from Bob Babcock, President of the 22nd Infantry Regiment Society:
"In reading the history of the 22nd
Infantry Regiment in the Philippines, I found a reference to
General Orders No. 10, dated June 4th, 1900.
The order read, 'Captain George J. Godfrey, 22nd U.S. Infantry. Killed in action. Shot through the heart. His military record is closed.
A brilliant career ended. Deeds, silent symbols more potent than words proclaimed his soldier worth..'
My speculation is that when official regimental
crests and motto's were established in the 1920's, this order
eulogizing a great infantryman
who had fought in Cuba and the Philippines played a part in the establishment of our official motto - Deeds Not Words!
And our Regiment has lived up to the motto."
1st Battalion Colors
Synopsis of 1st Battalion History:
Originally authorized on June 26, 1812, the
22nd Infantry Regiment was one of a number of additional
Regiments of Infantry
consitutued by Congress on that date, in an attempt to quickly rebuild the depleted United States Army.
Recruitment was done in Pennsylvania. The Regiment fought in eight battles during the War of 1812.
Its final engagement of the war was the seige and assault of Fort Erie in August and September 1814.
Inactivation of the Regiment was done after the War of 1812, by an Act of Congress approved March 3, 1815,
when its assets were incorporated into the 2nd Infantry Regiment.
The 22nd Infantry was technically
re-constituted on 3 May 1861 in the Regular Army as Companies A
and I, 2nd Battalion, l3th Infantry.
It organized in May 1865 at Camp Dennison, OH. It reorganized and was redesignated on 21 September 1866 as Companies A and I, 22nd Infantry.
Companies A and I, 22nd Infantry consolidated
on 4 May 1869 and the consolidated unit was designated as Company
A, 22nd Infantry.
The Regiment was brought up to strength, as the remaining Companies were filled and designated.
The 22nd Infantry served in five major campaigns of the Indian Wars of the late 19th century.
It was the first American Army unit to set foot on Cuban soil in the Spanish American War and fought with distinction at the battle of Santiago.
It served in six campaigns during the years 1899-1905 in the Philippine Insurrection and Moro Wars.
The Regiment was stationed at
the Presidio in California, and served in the relief efforts
during the San Francisco earthquake of 1906.
It served in Alaska from 1908-1910.
From 1910 to 1917 the 22nd
Infantry saw duty along the Mexican border. From 1917-1922 the
Regiment was assigned to Fort Jay
and other forts in New York, and guarded the Port of New York during the First World War.
The 22nd Infantry was assigned on 24 March 1923
to the 4th Division [later redesignated as the 4th Infantry
The 1st Battalion was inactivated on 30 June 1927 at Fort McPherson, GA.
The 1st Battalion reactivated on 1 June 1940 at
Fort McClellan, AL, as part of the 4th Infantry Division.
During World War II the 22nd Infantry landed on D-Day at Utah beach, and fought through five campaigns into Germany itself.
It was inactivated on 1 March l946 at Camp Butner, NC.
The 22nd Infantry was reactivated 15 July l947
at Fort Ord, CA. As part of the 4th Infantry Division the 22nd
served in Germany from 1951-1956.
It reorganized and was redesignated on 1 April 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company,
1st Battle Group, 22nd Infantry and remained assigned to the 4th Infantry Division (with its organic elements being concurrently constituted and activated).
It was reorganized and redesignated on 1 October l963 as the 1st Battalion, 22nd Infantry.
The Regulars of 1/22nd Infantry
arrived in Vietnam in 1966, fighting in thirteen campaigns of
Three Battalions of the 22nd originally went to VN with the 4th Division, but the 2nd & 3rd Battalions were soon transferred to the 25th Division.
The 1st Battalion remained with
the 4th Division until the Division left VN, and then came under
command of IFFV (1st Field Force).
1st Battalion earned the distinction of being the longest serving unit of the 22nd in Vietnam, 1966-1972.
During the Tet Offensive, the 1st Battalion of the 22nd earned the Valorous Unit Award, during the fighting in the Provincial Capital of Kontum.
Throughout its tenure in VN, the 1st Battalion performed its missions as a true "straight-leg" Light Infantry Battalion.
In late 1970, after the Battalion was pulled out of the jungle of the Central Highlands of II Corps, the Republic of Vietnam awarded the 1st Battalion,
for the second time during its service in Vietnam, the RVN Cross of Gallantry Unit Citation, many years before the Republic of Vietnam gave this
award as a blanket award to anyone who served in VN.
1st Battalion left Vietnam in 1972 and was
stationed at Fort Carson, CO as part of the 4th Infantry Division
It inactivated on August 1984 at Fort Carson, CO and was relieved from its assignment to the 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized).
It reactivated in May 1986 at Fort Drum, NY and
was assigned to the 10th Mountain Division (Light).
1st Battalion served in the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew in Florida, saw duty in Somalia
and was instrumental in returning President Aristede to power in Haiti in the 1990's.
Relieved in February 1996 from this assignment
to the 10th Mountain Division (Light),
the 1st Battalion was reassigned to the 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) at Fort Hood, TX.
1-22 Infantry became part of the Army's Test
Division, and was known as Force XXI, experimenting with advanced
and tactics, evaluating and adpapting them to change the Army into a twenty-first century military organization.
The 1st Battalion became the Army's first
all-digital Battalion, and took that technology with it to Iraq
during Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003-2004. The 1st Battalion returned to Iraq for its second tour of duty there
from 2005-2006. In March of 2008 1st Battalion served its third tour in Iraq, returning to Fort Hood in March of 2009.
In the summer of 2009 1st Battalion 22nd
Infantry moved to their new duty station at Fort Carson,
Colorado, with 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized)
in preparation for their deployment to Afghanistan.
From August 2010 to June 2011 the Battalion
served in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, adding another combat
theater to their
long history of overseas deployments. The Battalion returned to Fort Carson, where they served and continued to train,
maintaining a state of readiness should the nation require their service anywhere in the world.
From February to October 2013 1st Battalion deployed to Camp Buehring, Kuwait.
On March 17, 2014, 1st Battalion 22nd Infantry was de-activated.
BATTLES AND HISTORY OF 1ST BATTALION:
WAR OF 1812
INDIAN WARS 1866-1898
WAR WITH SPAIN 1898
PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION/MORO WARS 1899-1905
PRE-WORLD WAR I 1906-1917
WORLD WAR I 1917-1918
BETWEEN WORLD WARS 1919-1940
WORLD WAR II 1940-1946
COLD WAR FORT ORD 1947-1950
COLD WAR GERMANY 1951-1956
COLD WAR FT. LEWIS 1956-1966
---Newspaper Articles on 1st Battalion in Vietnam:
FT. CARSON 1972-1984
FT. DRUM 1985-1995 (10th Mountain Division)
FORCE XXI FT. HOOD 1996-2001
FT. HOOD 2002
OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM 2003-2004
FT. HOOD 2004-2005
FT. HOOD 2006-2007
Fort Hood & Fort Carson 2009-2011 / Afghanistan 2010-2011
Fort Carson 2012
Fort Carson / Kuwait 2013
Fort Carson 2014
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