1st Battalion 22nd Infantry

 

Annual Reports of the Secretary of War

1866 - 1873

 

 

Note: The Annual Reports of the Secretary of War did not follow a strict format. The reports of the Commanders
of the Departments and Districts in which the 22nd Infantry served, varied from year to year in detail and substance.
In addition, even the reports from the different sections of the Army varied from year to year in scope and content.
For example, a detailed list of enlistments and re-enlistments and desertions by regiment was not reported
by the Adjutant General for every year. Even the format of abbreviations was not consistent from year to year.

All material and information from the reports which specifically involved the 22nd Infantry are presented here, and,
in many cases that material is presented as scanned directly from the original reports.

 

 

1866

 

In 1866 the 22nd Infantry was reconstituted from the 13th Infantry. The two following
sections from the Adjutant General's report of 1866 show how the Army's nineteen regiments of Infantry
were expanded to forty-five regiments that year. The 22nd Infantry would become one of those forty-five regiments.

 

 

 

The only entry in the Annual Report to the Secretary of War for 1866 concerning
the newly constituted 22nd Infantry was the following statement of distribution of troops:

 

 

 

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1867

 

 

 

The position and distribution of the 22nd Infantry in the Department of the Missouri
for 1867 was as follows:

 

Fort Sully, Dakota Territory: On the left bank of the Missouri river, twenty miles below the mouth of the Cheyenne river.
Commanding officer: Col. and Bvt. Maj. Gen. David S. Stanley, 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry and headquarters.
Number of companies: 4
Commissioned officers: 16
Enlisted men: 317
Aggregate: 333

 

Fort Rice, Dakota Territory: On the west bank of the Missouri river, ten miles above the mouth of Cannonball river.
Commanding officer: Lieut. Col. and Bvt. Col. E.S. Otis, 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry
Number of companies: 4
Commissioned officers: 11
Enlisted men: 294
Aggregate: 305

 

Fort Randall, Dakota Territory: On the west bank of the Missouri river, 146 miles above Sioux city, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Major and Bvt. Col. Alex. Chambers, 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry.
Number of companies: 1
Commissioned officers: 4
Enlisted men: 64
Aggregate: 68

 

Fort Dakota, Dakota Territory: On the left bank of the Big Sioux river, at Sioux Falls.
Commanding officer: Capt. and Bvt. Lieut. Col. Kilburn Knox, 22d infantry.
Number of companies: 1
Commissioned officers: 3
Enlisted men: 79
Aggregate: 82

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following is from the report of Brevet major General Alfred H. Terry:




 

 

In the report of the Adjutant General for 1867, the exhibit of the actual strength of the 22nd Infantry was as follows:

Date of report: July 1867

Number of Commissioned Officers ---- 31*

Number of First Sergeants ---- 10

Number of Company Quartermaster Sergeants ---- 10

Number of Sergeants ---- 36

Number of Corporals ---- 70

Number of Musicians ---- 14

Number of Privates ---- 611

Total aggregate strength ---- 785*

 

* The Army Register for 1867 shows 32 Commissioned Officers.
The total of 785 adds the number of 3 un-accounted for.

 

The Adjutant General recorded that between October 1, 1866 and September 20, 1867
there were 4 enlistments and re-enlistments in the 22nd Infantry.

The Adjutant General also recorded that during the same time period as above there were 84 desertions from
the 22nd Infantry. Of that number 23 were apprehended, 4 had been tried and sentenced, 14 were awaiting trial
and 5 of those apprehended had escaped. A total of $180 had been disbursed in rewards for information leading
to some of those apprehensions.

 

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1868

 

The following is from the report of Brevet major General Alfred H. Terry:


 

 

The position and distribution of the 22nd Infantry in the Department of the Missouri
for 1868 was as follows:

 

Fort Dakota, Dakota Territory: At Sioux Falls, 90 miles northwest of Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Capt. and Bvt. Lieut. Col. Wm. A. Olmstead, 1st lieutenant 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry
Number of companies: 1
Commissioned officers: 2
Enlisted men: 63
Aggregate: 65

 

Fort Randall, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri river, 146 miles above Sioux city, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Bvt. Col. Alex. Chambers, major, 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry.
Number of companies: 2
Commissioned officers: 8
Enlisted men: 132
Aggregate: 140

 

Fort Sully, Dakota Territory: Twenty miles below the mouth of the Cheyenne river.
Commanding officer: Bvt. Maj. Gen. David S. Stanley, colonel, 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry and headquarters.
Number of companies: 3
Commissioned officers: 13
Enlisted men: 258
Aggregate: 271

 

Fort Rice, Dakota Territory: Ten miles above the mouth of Cannonball river.
Commanding officer: Bvt. Col. E.S. Otis, lieutenant colonel, 22d infantry.
Regiment: 22d infantry
Number of companies: 4
Commissioned officers: 13
Enlisted men: 245
Aggregate: 258

 

The Adjutant General recorded that between September 20, 1867 and October 1, 1868
there were 9 enlistments and re-enlistments in the 22nd Infantry.

The Adjutant General also recorded that during the same time period as above there were 56 desertions from
the 22nd Infantry. Of that number 20 were apprehended, 7 had been tried and sentenced, 9 were awaiting trial
and 3 of those apprehended had escaped. In addition, 11 other deserters had been restored to duty without trial.
A total of $330 had been disbursed in rewards for information leading to some of those apprehensions.

 

 

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1869

 

 

 

 

 

The position and distribution of the 22nd Infantry in the Department of the Missouri
was as follows:

 

Fort Sully, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri river, 20 miles below mouth of Cheyenne river.
Commanding Officer: Bvt. Maj. Gen. D.S. Stanley, 22d inf.
Number of companies: 3
Regiment: 22d inf.
Commissioned officers: 16
Enlisted men: 190
Aggregate: 206

 

Fort Rice, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri river, 10 miles above the mouth of Cannon Ball river.
Commanding Officer: Capt. Geo. W. Hill, 22d inf.
Number of companies: 3
Regiment: 22d inf.
Commissioned officers: 12
Enlisted men: 189
Aggregate: 201

 

Fort Randall, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri river, 146 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding Officer: Bvt. Col. J.N.G. Whistler, 22d inf.
Number of companies: 2
Regiment: 22d inf.
Commissioned officers: 8
Enlisted men: 90
Aggregate: 98

 

Fort Stevenson, Dakota Territory: At the junction of Douglas Creek with the Missouri River.
Commanding Officer: Capt. S.A. Wainwright, 22d inf.
Number of companies: 2
Regiment: 22d inf.
Commissioned officers: 6
Enlisted men: 127
Aggregate: 133

 

 

 

The act of March 3, 1869 provided for the consolidation of the Army's forty-five regiments of Infantry into twenty-five regiments.

In March 1869 the 31st Infantry was consolidated with the 22nd Infantry. The authorization for that was in
General Order No. 16 and General Order No. 17 from the Adjutant General of the Army.

 

Below is General Order No. 16 in its entirety:

 


 

 

Below are the sections of General Order No. 17 which applied to the 22nd Infantry:

 



 

 

 

 

 

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1870

 

 

 

 

 

The position and distribution of the 22nd Infantry in the Department of Dakota
was as follows:

 

Fort Randall, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri River, 146 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Lt. Col. E.S. Otis, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 3
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 11
Enlisted men: 196
Aggregate: 207

 

Fort Sully, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri River, 318 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Col. D.S. Stanley, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 4
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 15
Enlisted men: 220
Aggregate: 235

 

Crow Creek agency, Dakota Territory
Commanding officer: Capt. Francis Clarke, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 1
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 3
Enlisted men: 117
Aggregate: 120

 

Whetstone agency, Dakota Territory
Commanding officer: Capt. C.A. Webb, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 1
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 4
Enlisted men: 126
Aggregate: 130

 

Lower Brulé agency, Dakota Territory
Commanding officer: Capt. G.W. Hill, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 1
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 3
Enlisted men: 104
Aggregate: 107

 

 

The Adjutant General recorded that between October 1, 1869 and September 20, 1870
there were 46 enlistments and re-enlistments in the 22nd Infantry.

 

 

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1871

 




 

Major General Hancock's report continued:

 


 

 

The position and distribution of the 22nd Infantry in the Department of Dakota
was as follows:

 

Fort Randall, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri River, 146 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Lt. Col. E.S. Otis, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 4
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 15
Enlisted men: 206
Aggregate: 221

 

Fort Sully, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri River, 318 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Col. D.S. Stanley, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 4
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 18
Enlisted men: 237
Aggregate: 255

 

Whetstone agency, Dakota Territory
Commanding officer: Capt. C.A. Webb, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 1
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 3
Enlisted men: 54
Aggregate: 57

 

Lower Brulé agency, Dakota Territory
Commanding officer: Capt. John Hartley, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 1
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 3
Enlisted men: 49
Aggregate: 52

 

The Adjutant General recorded that between September 20, 1870 and October 1, 1871
there were 19 enlistments and re-enlistments in the 22nd Infantry.

 

In his report the Quartermaster General recorded the following officers from the 22nd Infantry
as having served as Acting Assistant Quartermasters during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1871:

1st Lt. N. D. Badger (Brevet Captain) - Whetstone Agency, Dakota Territory - April 24 to June 30, 1871

1st Lt. L. E. Campbell - Whetstone Agency, Dakota Territory - Dec. 4, 1870 to Mar _ 1871

2d Lt. C. C. Cusick - Lower Brulé Agency, Dakota Territory - Sept. 28, 1870 to June 30, 1871

1st Lt. F. L. Davies - Fort Randall, Dakota Territory - July 1 to Dec. 4, 1870

1st Lt. A. H. Goodloe (Regimental Quartermaster) - Fort Sully, Dakota Territory - July 1, 1870 to June 30, 1871

1st Lt. M. E. Hogan - Lower Brulé Agency, Dakota Territory - Aug. 20 to Sept. 28, 1870

2d Lt. Thomas P. O'Reilly - Whetstone Agency, Dakota Territory - Aug. 22 to Dec. 4, 1870 and Mar _ to April 24, 1871

1st Lt. F. E. Parsons - Fort Stephenson, Dakota Territory - July 1 to Aug. 13, 1870

1st Lt. William J. Reedy - Fort Rice, Dakota Territory - July 1 to Aug. 15, 1870

2d Lt. O. M. Smith - Camp Crow Creek Agency, Dakota Territory - Aug. 18, 1870 to May 5, 1871

1st Lt. P. M. Thorne - Fort Totten, Dakota Territory - July 1 to 17, 1870

2d Lt. G. S. L. Ward - Headquarters Department of Dakota, St. Paul, Minnesota - February 1 to 7, 1871

 

 

 

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1872

 

 

 

In his report the Adjutant General recorded an effective total for the 22nd Infantry as:

Commissioned - 34*
Enlisted - 520
Aggregate total - 554

* The US Army Register for 1872 shows 35 commissioned

 

 




 



 

 

The position and distribution of the 22nd Infantry in the Department of Dakota
was as follows:

 

Fort Sully, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri River, 318 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Col. D.S. Stanley, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 4
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 17
Enlisted men: 251
Aggregate: 268

 

Fort Randall, Dakota Territory: On the Missouri River, 146 miles above Sioux City, Iowa.
Commanding officer: Lt. Col. E.S. Otis, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 5
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 14
Enlisted men: 228
Aggregate: 242

 

Lower Brulé agency, Dakota Territory
Commanding officer: Capt. John Hartley, 22d Inf.
Number of companies: 1
Regiment: 22d Inf.
Commissioned officers: 3
Enlisted men: 53
Aggregate: 56

 

 

In his report the Quartermaster General recorded the following officers from the 22nd Infantry
as having served as Acting Assistant Quartermasters during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872:

1st Lt. N. D. Badger (Brevet Captain) - Whetstone Agency, Dakota Territory - July 1, 1871 to April 30, 1872

1st Lt. L. E. Campbell - Sioux City, Iowa - Dec. 25 to 31, 1871

2d Lt. W. J. Campbell - Fort Randall, Dakota Territory - Aug. 1, 1871 to June 30, 1872

2d Lt. C. C. Cusick - Lower Brulé Agency, Dakota Territory - July 1 to Aug. 13, 1871

1st Lt. A. H. Goodloe (Regimental Quartermaster) - Fort Sully, Dakota Territory - July 1 to Sept. 22, 1871 and May 1 to June 30, 1872

1st Lt. W. J. Reedy - Fort Randall, Dakota Territory - July 1 to Aug. 1, 1871
--------------------------------------------------- Lower Brulé Agency, Dakota Territory - Aug. 13, 1871 to June 30, 1872

1st Lt. P. M. Thorne - Fort Sully, Dakota Territory - Sept. 22, 1871 to Apr. 30, 1872

 

 

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Note: the 1st Battalion website could not gain access to the Annual Report of the Secretary of War
for the year 1873, nor to the Congressional Serial Set which might contain that report.

 

 

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