1st Battalion 22nd Infantry



Chronology of the 22nd Infantry in the War of 1812




June 26,1812 Organization of the 22nd Regiment authorized by Act of Congress.
July 6,1812 Colonel Hugh Brady commissioned.
July 6,1812 Lieutenant Colonel George McFeeley of Cumberland County commissioned.
In charge of recruiting at Carlisle Barracks.
July 14,1812 Colonel Brady accepted command.
August 16,1812 John Patterson, from near Meadville, enlisted by Captain Foulk at Erie.
About 130 men paraded twice a day at Fort Fayette.
September 28,1812 Men from Fort Fayette arrived at Carlisle on way to Niagara Falls to join General Dearborn
October 5,1812 Lieutenant Colonel McFeeley with 200 men of the 22nd left Carlisle Barracks for Niagara frontier.
October 15,1812 The 22nd detachment arrived at Fort Niagara.
November 14,1812 Lieutenant Colonel McFeeley relieved Colonel Winder of command at Fort Niagara.
November 21,1812 Detachment at bombardment of Fort Niagara by the British. The American garrison commanded by
Lieutenant Colonel McFeeley. He also commanded at Battles of Fort George and Stony Creek.
Lieutenant Eli Thomas wounded in action.
March 31,1813 According to Colonel Hugh Brady, 180 rank and file on line, 210 under marching orders at Carlisle at this time.
April, 1813 Colonel Brady opened a recruiting office at Meadville under Captain Jacob Carmack.
$40 offered as bounty, with three months' extra pay on discharge and warrant for 160 acres.
May 27,1813 Entire 22nd Regiment present at capture of Fort George, across the Niagara River from Fort Niagara
on the Canadian side. The advance guard was under Colonel Winfield Scott with his regiment and included
a detachment of the 22nd under Lieutenant Colonel McFeeley. Commodore Perry joined and assisted Scott in his first attack.
July 1,1813 Surgeon Julius R. Shumate killed in action. Place unknown.
July 6,1813 Colonel Brady with 250 regulars and 50 horses expected at Buffalo.
July 7,1813 Brady directed to leave the company of cavalry and 50 men at Buffalo.
July 15,1813 Brady a signer of letter of regret to General Dearborn on retiring.
September 20,1813 Brady in attendance at Council of War at Fort George.
September 22,1813 Resignation of Captain John Foster accepted.
Lieutenant Green has leave because of ill health.
October 19-20,1813 General Jacob Brown's brigade, including the 22nd, moved to Grenadier Island from Henderson Harbor
— 18 miles below Sackett's Harbor, near outlet of Saint Lawrence.
Was under General Wilkinson in Saint Lawrence campaign.
October 29,1813 Brown's brigade went down Canadian side of Saint Lawrence and took part in action at French Creek.
Brown in command of advance near village of Clayton.
November 1-2,1813 Entire 22nd present at French Creek, where Brown's brigade repulsed a British naval sortie.
November 11,1813 Brown's brigade not present at Battle at Crysler's Farm, when British defeated General Wilkinson at Cornwall.
Late November, 1813 until February, 1814 Wilkinson's army was idle at French Creek, near Canadian line.
Scott, with 800 men, defeated British at Hoophole Creek.
December 1,1813 22nd Regiment recorded as having 455 enlisted men, non-commissioned officers, artificers and musicians.
December 19,1813 Third Lieutenant James Steward taken prisoner at Lewiston.
December, 1813, to January, 1814 Brown in winter quarters at French Mills, a few miles up Salmon River.



Sergeant, 22nd US Infantry Regiment, 1813

"The 22nd, recruited in Pennsylvania in 1812, was typical in that the regulation uniform
was unavailable for its recruits. Officers, who supplied their own uniforms,
would have worn the regulation dark blue with red facings and silver lace.
The 22nd also did not receive cap plates, which were in short supply,
or buff equipment belts. The regiment served along the Niagara frontier."

This Sergeant wears the early felt shako,
which was replaced by a leather shako sometime in 1813.

The US Army, unlike the British, had only one rank of Sergeant.
Sergeants wore 2 white epaulettes and a scarlet wool sash,
and carried an iron-hilted straight sword.
His Model 1795 musket has a white sling,
the white color sometimes referred to as 'buff'.

Because of shortages in the supply system he wears a grey jacket.
His blue trousers are non-regulation,but during this early period
trousers were seen in several colors, including brown and green.

Illustration and description in quotes from:

The American War 1812-1814
Text by Philip Katcher Colour plates by Bryan Fosten, 1990

Osprey Men-At-ArmsSeries # 226

Available from Osprey Publishing



January 5,1814 Troops at Fort Fayette to march to Erie on news of danger at Erie.
February 13,1814 General Brown marched from French Mills to Sackett's Harbor, then to Niagara, with his 2000 men including the 22nd.
March 4,1814 A company of militia under Captain Dunn left Fort Loudon for Erie, where it was put with the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania militia.
It reached Pittsburgh on March 17.
March 24,1814 General Scott formed Camp of Instruction at Buffalo, where training was from 7 to 10 hours daily.
March 31,1814 Captain Dunn's company reached Buffalo and later was at Battles of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane.
April 3,1814 Colonel Brady at Pittsburgh.
April 15,1814 Lieutenant Colonel McFeeley appointed Colonel of 25th Regiment. Ninian Pinkney appointed Lieutenant Colonel of 22nd Regiment.
May 27,1814 Colonel Brady notified the 22nd is destined for Division of the Left under General Brown. Those parts at Pittsburgh and Philadelphia
ordered to Buffalo. Major Martin, with all recruits at Erie, also moved to Buffalo.
June 8,1814 Brady wrote Adjutant General from Fort Fayette that Major Trimble of 19th Regiment requested to be attached to his (Brady's) command.
June 20,1814 Brady wrote from Pittsburgh that Captain Reed would be in command there.
June 22,1814 John Patterson of Captain Dunn's company recorded arrival of Lieutenant Culbertson and 70 men of the 22nd at Erie.
June, 1814 22nd Regiment, with 9th, llth and 25th Regiments, assembled under General Scott at Buffalo.
July 2,1814 General Jacob Brown authorized attack on Canada. General Scott assembled Colonels Campbell, Leavenworth and Jessup,
Colonel Brady not having joined.
July 3,1814 Scott easily captured Fort Erie.
July 5,1814 Battle of Chippewa. Lieutenant Colonel Leavenworth in command of consolidated battalion of 9th and 22nd Regiments on right wing,
thrown forward. Captain King of the 22nd was severely wounded
July 20,1814 100 men of 22nd embarked at Erie for Buffalo on schooner Porcupine.
July 25,1814 Battle of Lundy's Lane. 9th and 22nd Regiments consolidated under Colonel Brady, deployed on left and,
after Brady was badly wounded, consolidated with Leavenworth's.
July 26,1814 Scott, Brady and other wounded officers embarked for Buffalo.
July 31,1814
The 22nd had 218 present for duty, a total of 418 present or absent.
August 7,1814 British began siege of Fort Erie.
August 15,1814 British began attack. Parts of 9th, 11th and 22nd posted on right under Lieutenant Colonel Aspinwall.
Detachment from those under Captain Foster of the 11th charged through narrow passage, was often repulsed and failed.
Detachment of 20 men of 22nd under Lieutenant John Brady aided.
September 29,1814 Colonel Brady in command at Buffalo with remains of 22nd Regiment.
February 4,1815 Colonel Brady commanded troops at Sackett's Harbor, with about 400 regulars.
May 15, 1815, the 22nd was consolidated with the 6th, 16th, 23rd and 32nd to form the 2nd Regiment.

1815-1825 Colonel Hugh Brady commander at Fort Pike, Sackett's Harbor.



The above chronology is edited from the article:

A Forgotten Regiment in a Forgotten War
by John Newell Crombie

Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine
Volume 50, Number 3, pp 221-238
Publication Date: July 1967

available from Western Pennsylvania History






Home | Photos | Battles & History | Current |
Rosters & Reports | Medal of Honor | Killed in Action |
Personnel Locator | Commanders | Station List | Campaigns |
Honors | Insignia & Memorabilia | 4-42 Artillery | Taps |
What's New | Editorial | Links |