1st Battalion 22nd Infantry

 

Frank B. Jones

22 Years Service with the 22nd Infantry

 

Frank B. Jones in his graduation portrait from
the US Military Academy at West Point

Webmaster's collection

 

 

Frank Beall Jones entered the United States Military Academy at West Point from the State of Mississippi
on July 1, 1875 and graduated 59 out of a class of 66 on June 13, 1879. His best subjects were Drawing
and Mathematics and his worst subjects were Law and Chemistry. Upon graduation he was commissioned
a Second Lieutenant in the 22nd Infantry. Of note, one other graduating cadet was assigned to the 22nd Infantry that year,
Augustine Hewit, who served in Company E 22nd Infantry from 1879 until his death by fever in 1882. In the same graduating class
that year were two other cadets, who, though not initially assigned to the 22nd Infantry, would both later command the Regiment.
Charles A. Noyes would command the 22nd Infantry from April 25, 1914 to July 7, 1914. Charles M. Truitt would command
the 22nd Infantry from July 7, 1914 to February 27, 1916.

Assigned to Company K, Jones served with the 22nd Infantry on frontier duty at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory,
from September 30 to October 4, 1879. He took part in the Ute Expedition of the Regiment from Oct 1879 through
January 23, 1880, after which he was stationed at San Antonio, Texas until February 1880. From February of 1880
until November 16, 1882 he served with Company K at Fort Clark, Texas. In late 1882 he moved with Company K
to Fort Lewis, Colorado. Jones was on detached duty in connection with the Bureau of Indian Affairs at Fort Apache,
Arizona, from December 6, 1885 to October 28, 1886, after which he rejoined his Company at Fort Lewis.

 

Three officers of the 22nd Infantry at Lone Lake, summit of Needles Mountain, Colorado ca. 1885.
Left to right: 1st Lieutenant William H. Kell, Captain Charles W. Miner, 2nd Lieutenant Frank B. Jones.

Photo taken by Christian Barthelmess of the 22nd Infantry
From the book Photographer On An Army Mule
by Maurice Frink with Casey E. Barthelmess
University of Oklahoma Press

 

 

Jones was part of 1st Lieutenant E.W. Casey's expedition to the Grand Canyon during the months of November 1887
to January 1888.

He was promoted to First Lieutenant on January 1, 1888, and on February 14 of that year he and Company K were then
stationed at Fort Lyon, Colorado. On June 1, 1888 he moved with the Regiment to Fort Keogh, Montana. He was
the Regimental Adjutant of the 22nd Infantry at Keogh from January 16, 1892 to January 16, 1896.

On January 5, 1896 Jones went on leave, and while on leave he was promoted to Captain on May 1, 1896.
With his leave up on June 5, 1896, he was given command of Company E and went with the Regiment to Fort Crook,
Nebraska. He commanded the Company on garrison duty at Fort Crook until April 18, 1898, when the entire Regiment
left for Tampa, Florida, to prepare for deployment to Cuba
.

 

     

22nd Infantry General Orders No. 100, 1892

Directing two officers from other units, who had
been with the 22nd Infantry for a rifle competition,
to return to their regular duty stations.

Also directs a board of survey to be formed,
to determine responsibility for the loss of
"one Springfield rifle".

Signed by 1st Lieutenant Frank B. Jones
as the 22nd Infantry Regimental Adjutant

 

In June 1898 Jones brought Company E ashore in Cuba, during the Spanish-American War, and led the Company
at the Battle of El Caney, where, on July 1, he was wounded in action sufficiently to have to relinquish command
of the Company to 1st Lieutenant Orrin Wolfe. He then went on sick leave in order to recover from his wounds, until
September 10, when he resumed command of Company E and went with them and the Regiment to Fort Crook.

Jones brought Company E to the Philippines in early March, 1899. On March 18, 1899, while commanding a battalion
of the 22nd Infantry consisting of Companies D, E, G and M, he was wounded in an engagement near Taugig, during
the Pasig Expedition. Their ranks depleted by sickness and disease, those four Companies together could only muster
approximately 200 men. Outnumbered four to one, they fought a battle with 800 insurgents that lasted nearly four hours.
Besides Jones, the 22nd Infantry suffered fifteen other wounded and three killed during that fight.

Frank B. Jones was awarded a Silver Star Citation for his actions that day, entitling him to wear a silver star on his
Philippine Campaign Medal. In 1932 the Secretary of War authorized the Silver Star Medal to replace
the Silver Star Citation.

 

Frank B. Jones' decorations
His Philippine Campaign Medal has a silver star to denote award of the Silver Star Citation.
In 1932 The War Department authorized the replacement of the Silver Star Citation by the
Silver Star Medal.

 

 

Jones remained in a hospital in the Philippines, recovering from his wounds until May 1899. He was apparently
on light duty until October of that year, as Company E was commanded in turn by several junior officers
during that time. On October 1, 1899 Jones was again in command of Company E, as part of 1st Battalion
22nd Infantry, under Major John G. Ballance. From October 1 to October 4 the Battalion was committed in an attack on
the towns of Matamo and Arayat, in northern Luzon. Jones and Company E were the lead element in both attacks,
and Ballance credits Jones and his Company with single-handedly driving the enemy from the main defensive
trenches leading to Arayat. In his after action report Ballance also then credited Jones and Company E,
along with Company F, as forcing the last of the defenders out of Arayat, and securing the town.

At the end of November, Jones left the Regiment and returned to the United States on December 28, 1899.
After a short leave, he was assigned to recruiting duty at Macon, Georgia, on January 10, 1900.

On July 20, 1901 Jones was transferred to the 17th Infantry, ending 22 years of service with the 22nd Infantry.
On July 26, 1901 he was promoted to Major of the 9th Infantry. He ended his recruiting duty on May 14, 1902,
and the next day, on May 15, he joined the 9th Infantry Regiment at Madison Barracks, New York. The 9th Infantry
Regimental roster for July 1, 1904 shows Jones in Command of 3rd Battalion and of the camp at the rifle range
at Madison Barracks for that year.

On August 26, 1904, he changed duty stations to Manassas, Virginia, and commanded the 3rd Battalion 9th Infantry there,
from August 27 to September 16. From that date, in addition to his command of 3rd Battalion, he became an inspector
of militia units, until May 1, 1905. He then went with the 9th Infantry to the Philippines, and from June 8, 1905 to
September 1, 1907 he commanded 3rd Battalion on duty in the Philippines at Camp Daraga. He then returned to the
United States, where he was on a leave of absence until November 3, 1907.

On October 4, 1907, Jones was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 19th Infantry. From November 3 to November 27, 1907
he was on detached service at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. He was with the 19th Infantry at Fort Bliss, Texas, until June 15, 1908,
when he went with the Regiment on manuvers at Leon Springs, Texas until July 30. From that time he was assigned to Fort Bliss
until November 11, 1908. On October 28, 1908 he was detailed as the Adjutant-General, Department of the Gulf, a duty which he
began on November 14 of that year. From June 27 to July 31, 1910 he was at the Manuever Camp at Chickamauga Park, Georgia.
Jones was then stationed at Atlanta, Georgia, from August 1, 1910 to June 20, 1911, at which time he was relieved from the detail
to the Adjutant-General's Department.

On June 21, 1911, Frank B. Jones was promoted to Colonel and given command of the 15th Infantry. He was on
a leave of absence and enroute to Fort Douglas, Utah, from June 21 to August 20, 1911. He was at Fort Douglas
commanding the 15th Infantry from August 21 to September 12, 1911, when he became ill, and went on sick leave
from September 13 to November 13. On November 15 he was admitted to the Army and Navy General Hospital
at Hot Springs, Arkansas, where he remained until February 12, 1912. He then was at Fort Douglas on temporary
duty from February 20 to March 1. He was enroute to take command of the 15th Infantry at Tientsin from March 2
to April 25. He officially commanded the 15th Infantry Regiment in China from April 25, 1912 to July 1, 1913.

On July 1, 1913 Jones was transferred to the 8th Infantry. He was at Nagasaki, Japan, from August 4 to October 1, 1913,
enroute to, and awaiting transportation to the Philippines. He arrived in the Philippines on October 7, and was at Camp Keithley,
on the island of Mindanao, from October 7 to November 1. On November 7, 1913 he assumed command of the
8th Infantry Regiment at Manila, island of Luzon, where he remained until February 15, 1915.

On February 1, 1915 he became unassigned, and nine days later was assigned to the 7th Infantry. Jones left the Philippines on
February 15, and was enroute to the United States and on a leave of absence until May 1, 1915. He was at Galveston, Texas,
with the 5th Brigade of the 2nd Division from May 2 to September 22, 1915. He assumed command of the 7th Infantry
at El Paso, Texas on September 25 and remained there until October 29. He commanded the Regiment at Douglas, Arizona,
from October 30 to November 26, at Nogales, Arizona, from November 27 to December 11, and at Fort Bliss, Texas,
from December 12-27. From December 29, 1915 to April 4, 1916, Jones attended the Field Officers Course at the Army
Service School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He returned to Fort Bliss to command the 7th Infantry on April 6, and remained
there with the Regiment until May 27, 1917. From May 29 to November 2, 1917, he commanded an assembly of U.S. troops at
Gettysburg National Park. He then moved with the 7th Infantry to Camp Greene, North Carolina, where he commanded the
Regiment from November 4, 1917 to January 31, 1918.

On February 1, 1918, at his own request, he was retired from the US Army, with nearly 43 total years of service.

 

 

 

FRANK BEALL JONES

No. 2818 CLASS OF 1879

Died August 10, 1929, at Coronado, California, aged 73 years.

 

COLONEL FRANK BEALL JONES was born January 1, 1856 at Hernando, Mississippi.

During his long and honorable service on the active list he was known among his friends of the old Army as a "duty officer",
as distinguished from the detached service class, he having served thirty of his thirty-nine years of active commissioned service
on regimental duty.

His early service was with the 22nd Infantry in the field in Southwestern Colorado against the Utes. Following this,
his regiment was stationed at Fort Clark, Texas, and he was assigned to the command of a company of
Seminole-Negro-Indian scouts and covered, with great credit, the wide stretches of country of the Big Bend of the Rio Grande.

This service was followed by command of a company of Apache Indian scouts on the White Mountain reservation
and in the vicinity of Fort Apache, Arizona, before and during the turbulent times of Geronimo's activity. Following this
(his regiment having been sent to Fort Keough, Montana,) he served with great credit a four years' tour of duty as regimental adjutant.

In the winter of 1890-1891 he commanded a detachment of his regiment equipped with two Hotchkiss mountain guns,
the detachment being assigned to a mixed cavalry-infantry column in the Missouri River country, operating with other troops
against hostile Sioux Indians at the time of the Wounded Knee outbreak in Dakota.

A period of comparative quiet then followed but the outbreak of the war with Spain found him a Captain en route to Cuba,
with the 5th Corps. In the attack on El Caney July 1, 1898, his company came under heavy fire from the Spanish trenches
and he received a severe wound which incapacitated him for active duty for several months. Upon his recovery he again
joined his regiment at Montauk Point, L. I., and a few months later was enroute to the Philippine Islands where the insurrection
of 1899 had broken out. He participated in various actions near and to the North of Manila under Generals Wheaton,
Lawton, McArthur and Young.

In the fight near Taguig, P. I., March 18, 1899, while in command of a battalion of his regiment, he was again severely wounded.
A silver star citation followed for gallantry in action and skill in handling his battalion under hostile fire.

Having recovered from this wound two months later, he rejoined his regiment operating on the Pampanga River
where he again commanded a battalion in various engagements and was again commended for gallantry and for skill
in handling his command under fire in an engagement near Mt. Arayat.

In 1908 Colonel Jones was detailed in the Adjutant General's Department and served with great credit to himself and to
the Department for a period of nearly three years as Adjutant General, Department of the Gulf with headquarters at Atlanta;
his mature judgment and his extended experience in the field, both in peace and war, contributed greatly to his success
during that period of his service.

His return to the States in 1899 was followed by two subsequent tours (1905 and 1913) in the Philippines. Upon his
promotion to a Colonelcy, he was assigned to the 15th Infantry and later, after a short sick leave, joined his regiment in
Tientsin, China. His relief a year and a half later from the 15th Infantry and the command of all American troops in North China
(upon his transfer to the 8th Infantry in the Philippines), were marked by public demonstrations in his honor, participated in
by contingents of the armies of Germany, France, Great Britain, Japan and Russia. The demonstration was a tribute
of love and respect for a departing commander.

Soon after the various training camps were organized following our entry into the World War, Colonel Jones was assigned
to Camp Green, S. C., but failing health rendered necessary his request for retirement, thus ending a long, active service
in line and staff marked by an unswerving sense of duty, honorable wounds and a record worthy of the best traditions
of his Alma Mater.

He was interred with military honors in Arlington.

In his life span of 73 years, Frank Jones saw active service as a commissioned officer in four of his country's wars,
in two of which he was wounded in action, and yet in spite of its interruptions and trials, his home life was exceptionally ideal.

In 1891 when a Lieutenant, he married Margaret Clark, daughter of Major Francis Clark, a veteran of the Civil War and for years
an officer of the 22nd Infantry to which regiment Lieutenant Jones was assigned on graduation from West Point.

Three daughters were born of this union; the wife and two of the daughters survive—one the wife of Lt. Col. L. M. Adams,
Corps of Engineers (retired) and the other, Evelyn, living at home with her mother in Coronado, California.

W. D. B.

 

 

 

Frank B. Jones was buried at Arlington National Cemetery
on August 19, 1929 in Section 3 Grave 3909

 

The grave monument for Frank B. Jones

Photo from the Arlington National Cemetery website

 

 

The grave monument for Frank B. Jones

Photo from the Arlington National Cemetery website

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIXTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT of the Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy
at West Point, New York June 11, 1930, The Moore Printing Company Inc., Newburgh, N.Y.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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