COL PETER T. SWAINE
Commander 22nd Infantry
Peter T. Swaine
Photo taken during his service with the 15th US Infantry
Photo: US Army Military Academy Library
T. Swaine commanded the 22nd Infantry Regiment from 1884-1895.
The following excerpts describe his distinguished service during the Civil War,
and give personal insights about Swaine's physical appearance and character.
The information below is taken from the book, A Shouting of Orders: A History of the 99th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment, by Kevin B. McCray.
Colonel Swaine made his first appearance before the Ninety-ninth on December 3.
Just as I was ready to start with regiment [out to picket duty] Colonel P.T. Swaine came into camp and I talked with him a few minutes, Cummins wrote in his diary for the day. He is a small, spare man about thirty years old, light whiskers and mustache, brown hair. I was well pleased with his appearance and hope our relations may prove agreeable. He returned to Nashville saying he would join the regiment for duty tomorrow. He was appointed at the time Langworthy was removed and has since been commanding a brigade. Is a captain in the Fifteenth Regulars.
Peter Tyrer Swaine was admitted to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point , New York , on September 1, 1847, at the age of sixteen years, seven months. He was a resident of New York City (4th Congressional District) and was appointed from New York. In June 1850, Swaine was found deficient in chemistry at the year-end examination, causing him to be turned back to repeat his second class (junior) year. Swaine successfully repeated his second class year and proceeded with the studies of the first class year (senior). He graduated as a Brevet Second Lieutenant, 1st Infantry, July 1, 1852, ranked twenty-fourth in a class of forty-three members.
He served in the garrison at Ft. Columbus , New York immediately upon graduation, and then was sent to frontier duty at Ft. Clark , Texas , where he was made a Second Lieutenant, 1st Infantry, on December 31, 1852. In 1853, he moved on to Ft. Duncan , Texas , to Chicon and Turkey Creek , Texas in 1854, and back to Ft. Duncan in 1855 . 
Swaine was moved to the Tenth Infantry on March 3, 1855 while garrisoned at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania . While on frontier duty at Minnesota 's Fort Snelling , he was made a First Lieutenant, Tenth Infantry, on August 8, 1855. He was the Tenth's quartermaster from December 7, 1855 to April 30, 1860, posted during that time at Ft. Ridgely , Minnesota through 1857, and as part of the Utah Expedition of 1857 to 1860.
Serving as a recruiter when the rebellion broke out, he was made Captain of the Fifteenth Infantry on May 14, 1861, serving in the Tennessee and Mississippi Campaign of the Army of the Ohio from March through June 1862, including commanding a battalion at Shiloh , April 7, 1862. He was also a part of the advance upon and siege of Corinth , April 9 through May 30.
Swaine was an acquaintance of General William T. Sherman. In his memoir, How Soldiers Were Made, Benjamin F. Scribner, colonel of the Thirty-eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, describes a meeting at Lebanon Junction, Kentuckyduring September 1861, between Sherman, Scribner, Swaine, and others. Following the meeting, Scribner asked Sherman to place his Hoosier regiment under the command of someone other than a volunteer colonel.
I had closely observed Captain Swaine, Scribner wrote, and was much impressed with his style and bearing, and it was he I had in my mind for a commander.
Promoted to Brevet Major for "gallant and meritorious services" at Shiloh, Swaine served with Major-General Don Carloss Buell during his June to September maneuvers through northern Alabama , Tennessee and Kentucky .
He was in command of a brigade defending Cincinnati and Kentucky when the call came September 4 to name him Colonel of the Ninety-ninth Ohio.  His appointment made Swaine fifteenth in lineal rank among field officers in Ohio volunteer regiments.
Surgeon J.T. Woods later described Swaine at length.
You will remember him well. He was as genial a friend as ever clasped a hand - as courtly a gentleman as ever smiled at the fair - and as gallant a soldier as ever buckled on a saber. You will remember how, after that fruitless and disgusting march, in which as raw recruits we were dragged through the Kentucky campaign in '62, by Buell, in a fictitious pursuit after Bragg, and in what an utterly broken-down and dispirited condition he found us in camp near Nashville, Tennessee. It was to his skill, his discipline and his offices as the most accomplished drill-master of the United States service, that the Ninety-ninth Ohio Volunteers became unrivaled among volunteers and unabashed in relation to everything that pertained to the soldier, even in the presence of regulars, not at all omitting the actual shock of battle. As an organization we owe him a debt of gratitude, and as an individual now in the path of peaceful pursuits, I cannot refrain from 'rendering unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's.'
You will remember that he was rather under size, with a clear complexion, thin mustache, and with a young look that did not tell of the pith that had 'set squadrons in the field.' He was scrupulously neat in his apparel, and on this occasion wore a bright blue overcoat, the cape of which (lined with red) was thrown back over his shoulders. For some reason on this field he rode a white horse through the entire series of actions, which made him, with his blue overcoat and the displayed red of his cape, a conspicuous object.
A voice cannot be described. That of Col. Swaine was singularly sweet and musical, and for purpose of drill and battle, most perfectly under his control. Mid all the clash and din, it rang out clear and distinct, without tremor or confusion, and that clear voice giving, in battle, commands as precise as on parade, thrilled many a heart on that day, and the little Colonel on his white horse, moving to and fro, is a picture that none who saw it will be likely to forget.
 Diary of Lt. Colonel John E. Cummins, December 3, 1862. Collection of Roger D. Hunt.
 Swaine married May 6, 1854, in Texas . Ironically, his wife and the wife of Lt. Colonel John Cummins both attended school together at Dayton , Ohio .
 Swaines relationship with Sherman would manifest itself in an unusual way following the war. In the Fall of 1878, Sherman, also a regent of the Smithsonian Institution, wrote Swaine (then Colonel at Fort Wingate in the New Mexico Territory) directing him to secure interesting samples of petrified trees for the Institution. In the spring of 1879, Swaine dispatched a command who secured the trees for the museum.
 Scribner, Benjamin F. How Soldiers Were Made. (Huntington, West Virginia: Blue Acorn Press, 1995, reprinted from 1887 original published at Chicago by Donohue & Henneberry), pp. 23-29
 Bvt. Major General George W. Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., 3rd edition, Vol. II., (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1891), p. 494.
 Annual Report of the Adjutant General, to the Governor of the State of Ohio , for the Year Ending December 31, 1864, (Columbus: Richard Nevins, State Printer, 1865), p. 106.
 J.T. Woods, Steedman and His Men at Chickamauga , pp. 112 - 114
website is grateful to Kevin McCray for the above information
taken from his book:
Shouting of Orders: A History of the 99th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
by Kevin B. McCray
ISBN: 1-4010-9760-X (Trade Paperback)
ISBN: 1-4010-9761-8 (Hardback)
which is available at the following locations:
The author may be contacted at:
313 Sterling Court
Westerville, Ohio 43082
Peter Swaine was
promoted to Major of the 16th Infantry in late 1865.
In 1874 he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 15th Infantry.
On April 18, 1884 he was promoted to Colonel of the 22nd Infantry.
He officially retired in 1895 and died in 1904.
His son William Maclay
Swaine graduated from the US Military Academy in 1886,
and saw action in Cuba and the Philippines with the 22nd Infantry.
William died from service related injuries in 1909.
Colonel Peter T.
Swaine's dress uniform shoulder board rank
as Commander of the U.S. 22nd Infantry Regiment
and his personal identification tag.
Colonel Peter Swaine's farewell
Signed by 1st Lieutenant F.B.
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